Paediatrics is the sole discipline concerned with all aspects of the well being of neonates, infants, children and adolescents. It includes their physical, mental, psychologic growth, development and their opportunity to achieve full potential as adults.

The growth of specialization within paediatrics has taken a number of different forms of interests in problems of age groups of children have created neonatology and adolescent medicine, paediatric cardiology, nephrology, gastroenterology, child psychiatry, pulmonology, endocrinology, rheumatology and genetics.